risk management vs victim blaming: just another grey area?
Shifting the blame from perpetrator to victim in cases of sexual assault is so deeply ingrained in our society that it is difficult at times to maintain the energy to confront those perpetuating victim-blaming myths.
I’ve had to challenge close friends and family members who have sworn they’re ‘not victim blaming’ but why the hell would you ever go back to a footballer’s house after everything you’ve heard about them? At a public lecture, I’ve heard a judge speak of the unsavoury nature of ‘young women’s drinking habits these days’ and further, claim that preventing this behaviour could very well prevent sexual assault from occurring. And who didn’t have a co-worker or relative mutter something under their breath about Jill Meagher ‘stumbling home alone in the dark’?
Love is all around us. And so is victim-blaming.
Although they may believe that their views are saturated in care and concern for victims and women, these people are also consciously or unconsciously ingesting and then spitting the victim-blaming out again in a veiled perpetuation of community’s underlying ideological framework in relation to sexual assault. Which, put simply, is that a woman’s actions before, during and after sexual assault create ‘grey areas’. Because what a woman did before a sexual assault caused it to occur; what a woman did during the sexual assault didn’t stop it from occurring; and what a woman did after the sexual assault quite frankly doesn’t match with our ‘ideal victim’ mentality.
And so it is within this context that we encounter the USA Air Force Base’s Sexual Assault Response Coordinator’s leaflet campaign ‘Preventing Sexual Assault Is Everyone’s Duty! Avoid Becoming a Victim.’
According to the sexual assault support service set up on the Air Force’s base to support victims, women should:
- Pay attention to their surroundings
- Never go anywhere secluded
- Be prepared to get home alone
- Never leave group situations with a stranger
- Never accept drinks from a stranger or leave a drink unattended
- Only socialise with people who share your own values
Still having fun ladies? Or are you in the corner of your local pub darting concerned looks at all strangers bearing drinks and slyly watching your co-workers who you’re really not that sure share your values while making sure you know where the fire exists are and simultaneously trying to work out how the hell you can get home in a cab when ohmygod, cab drivers are strangers too? Worst of all, you know if you miss any of the above steps…it will be your fault that you got raped. Because we can all avoid becoming a victim by following this cheat sheet right?
Hang on a second you say. What’s so wrong with advocating ‘risk management’ for women? Journalist Sarrah Le Marquand believes it is the right of every woman to be empowered by informing herself about ‘risky behaviours’:
In Australia it is, as it should be, the right of every woman to drink, enjoy herself and stay out as late as she chooses…But it’s also the right of every woman to take on board statistics and expert knowledge so she can better equip herself in reducing the likelihood of running into danger. We don’t, and never will, live in a utopian society where sexual violence is non existent. It’s not victim blaming to acknowledge that. It’s just common sense.
On the face of it, arming women with information about safety and risk factors sounds somewhat reasonable. But it’s so much more complex than that. And also, at the same time, so much more simple than that.
You see, more sophisticated feminist writers than I could talk far more eloquently about rape culture and victim blaming. And they have. But for those not as intimately familiar with these feminist concepts, it might seem somewhat complicated and convoluted and the questions will still remain…but why walk home alone? Why get so drunk? Why follow a group of men into the bedroom? After everything we know…why would she do that?
How to tackle such beliefs? For me, it’s as simple as applying Caitlin Moran’s simple feminist test: are the men doing it? Why? Because it’s both simple and frighteningly illuminating; posing that question in circumstances that are making your brain explode (victim blaming vs risk management) is a way of cutting through crap.
If avoiding rape is everyone’s responsibility and risk management is the way to go, are the men doing it? Why are we not advocating risk management for men? And by that I mean, where are the posters for men at risk of raping women? Where are the posters challenging their thoughts? Their beliefs? Their actions? What risk mitigation strategies are in place on that Air Force Base to judge the behaviour of men before, during and after a sexual assault?
None. Because such a trusty cheat sheet would look like this:
Preventing Sexual Assault Is Everyone’s Duty! You too can avoid Becoming an Offender!
- Pay attention to your surroundings: sometimes being in the presence of your mates might place you in danger of doing something stupid, like raping someone.
- Never go anywhere secluded: you might feel like raping someone and there won’t be anyone around to stop your actions or come the assistance of your victim
- Be prepared to get home alone: sometimes women just don’t want to sleep with you – in that case, be prepared to go home alone rather than rape someone
- Never leave group situations with a stranger: because you might think a girls wants to sleep with you, but there’s every possibility she doesn’t (n.b closely linked with be prepared to go home alone)
- Only socialise with people who share your own values: best not to socialise with people who don’t share your views that rape is ok.
The day we see these posters on our walls is the day it is ok to also see posters on the wall arming women with risk management strategies that will ‘prevent’ men from perpetrating sexual violence.
Do you think arming women with information about sexual assault ‘risk factors’ is victim blaming? Or just plain common sense?
Have you ever questioned the circumstances around sexual assault? Let us know in the comments below!
Got a spare minute? Why not fill out the Lip reader survey, for your chance to win a free copy of issue 23 + an awesome Lip tote bag? We’d love to hear your thoughts!